BLOG ABOUT KAMAKHYA TEMPLE, ASSAM
Kamakhya Temple is the main attraction of Guwhati. It is dedicated to mother goddess Kamakhaya. It is one of the oldest Shaktipeeths. Guwahati is the largest city of Assam state. Guwahati is situated at the shore of the BRAHMAPUTRA river.
Kamakhya temple was destroyed in the early 16th century. And then rebuilt in the 17th century. It was rebuilt by the King of Cooch, Bihar Nara Narayana.
ARCHICHETURE OF KAMAKHYA DEVI TEMPLE
The current temple has a beehive like shikhara. It has delightful sculptured panels and images of Ganesha. Also contain images of other Hindu gods and goddess on the outside. Kamakhya devi temple is situated at the top of Ninanchal Hill (800 above sea level). Within a corner of the cave in the temple. There is sculptured image of the Yoni (vagina) of the goddess. Which is the object of reverence.
The temple consists of three major chambers. The western chamber is rectangular in shape and large. It is not used by general pilgrims for worship. The middle chamber is in a square shape. It has a little idol of the goddess. The walls of this chamber have sculpted images of Nara Narayana. The middle chamber leads to the sanctum of the temple. Which is in the form of caves. Which does not consist any image. But a natural underground spring. That flows through a Yoni (vagina) shaped cleft in the bedrock.
Sati married to Lord Shiva against the wish of her father.King Daksha Prajapati was the father of Sati. Once King Daksha was having a Yagna. But he did not invite Lord Shiva and Sati. She wanted to go in Yagna. But her husband, Lord Shiva refused her to go. Then she had fought with Lord Shiva and go there. When she reached in Yagna her father insulted Shiva. She could not have borne the disrespect of her husband Shiva. She jumped into the Yagna fire and committed suicide. When Lord Shive came to know about this. He got very angry. Lord Shiva went to Daksha Prajapati’s palace and got insane. He held the body of Sati on his shoulders. And started TANDAVA (The Dance of destruction of the universe). In order to save the universe and calm him (Lord Shiva) down. Lord Vishnu cut the body of Sati into pieces with SUDARSHAN CHAKRA. Body parts of Sati fell at different places. These places are known as Shaktipeeth. Kamakhya Temple is one of the Shaktipeeth among the 52 Shaktipeeths.
Apart to the daily worships offers to Devi (Goddess). There are a number of special worships also held round the year in Kamakhya Temple. These worships are DURGA PUJA, AMBUWASI PUJA, POHAN BIYA, DURGADEUL, VASANTI PUJA, MADANDEUL and MANASA PUJA….
- DURGA PUJA: It is celebrated annually during Navaratri, in the month of September-Octomber.
- AMBUWASI PUJA: This is a fertility festival. It is believed that the goddess goes under menstrual period. Temple remains close for three days. And then opens with the great festivity on the fourth day.
- POHAN BIYA: A symbolic marriage between Lord Kameshvara and Kameshwari during the month of Pausa.
- DURGADEUL: During the month of Phalgun, Durgadeul is observed in Kamakhya.
- VASANTI PUJA: This is held at the Kamakhaya temple in the month of Chaitra.
- MADANDEUL: This duality is observed during the month of Chaitra. When Lord Kamdev and Kameshvara is offered a special worship.
- MANASA PUJA: This is observed during Sakaranti and continues up to the second day of Bhadra.
WHY NAME KAMAKHYA GIVEN TO THE TEMPLE
The Kamakhya temple is dedicated to the Tantric Goddess. Apart from the deity Kamakhya Devi. A compound of the temple houses 10 other Avtaras of Kali. Namely DHAUMAUTI, MATANGI, BAGALA, TARA, KAMALA, BHARAVI, CHINNAMASTA, BHUVANESHWARI and TRIPURA SUNDARI. Kamakhya temple is important because Sati’s womb and vagina fell here.
Some people believe that the Kamakhaya temple is the place. Where Lord Shiva and Devi Sati had their romantic encounter. The Sanskrit meaning of “Love Making” is “KAMA“. So that the place was named Kamakhya.
THE BLEEDING GODDESS
There is no any statue or image of Devi in the temple. But in the corner of the cave in the temple. There is sculptured image of Yoni (vagina) of the goddess. Which is the object of the worship.
In the month of Ashaad (June) the Goddess bleeds or Menstrultes. At this time the Brahmaputra river near the Kamakhya temple turns red. The temple then remains closed for three days. And holy water is distributed among the devotees.
There is no scientific proof that the blood actually turns the river red. Some people say that the priests pour vermilion (Sindoor) into the water.